Acetaminophen, also known as paracetamol, is a common over-the-counter pain reliever and fever reducer. It is often used to relieve headaches, muscle aches, toothaches, menstrual cramps, and the common cold. But how long does it take for acetaminophen to work?
Acetaminophen works by blocking the production of prostaglandins in the brain and spinal cord, which are chemicals that cause pain and inflammation. This means that it does not have any anti-inflammatory properties like ibuprofen or aspirin. However, acetaminophen is less likely to cause stomach irritation or bleeding than these other pain relievers.
The time it takes for acetaminophen to work depends on several factors, including the type of formulation, the dose, and the individual’s metabolism. The most common formulation of acetaminophen is tablets or capsules, which are usually taken orally with water. There are also liquid formulations for children and people who have trouble swallowing pills.
For mild to moderate pain and fever, acetaminophen usually starts working within 30 minutes to an hour after taking it orally. However, it may take longer to work if the pain is severe or chronic. In these cases, it may be necessary to take a higher dose or to combine acetaminophen with other pain relievers.
It’s important to follow the recommended dose and dosing frequency for acetaminophen, as taking too much can cause liver damage. The maximum daily dose for adults is 4 grams (or 8 tablets of 500mg), while the maximum dose for children depends on their weight.
Another factor that can affect how long acetaminophen takes to work is the individual’s metabolism. Acetaminophen is metabolized in the liver by enzymes called cytochrome P450. Some people have genetic variations that affect these enzymes, which can lead to slower or faster metabolism of drugs like acetaminophen.
For people who have a slower metabolism, acetaminophen may take longer to work and may last longer in the body. This can increase the risk of liver damage from taking too much acetaminophen over time. On the other hand, people with a faster metabolism may require a higher dose of acetaminophen to achieve the same level of pain relief.
In addition to oral formulations, acetaminophen is also available as a suppository or injection for people who cannot take it orally. These formulations may have a faster onset of action than oral tablets or capsules, as they bypass the digestive system and are absorbed directly into the bloodstream.
Overall, acetaminophen is a safe and effective pain reliever when used as directed. It works by blocking the production of pain-causing chemicals in the brain and spinal cord, which can lead to relief from minor to moderate pain and fever. However, the time it takes for acetaminophen to work may depend on several factors, including the type of formulation, the dose, and the individual’s metabolism. If you are unsure about whether acetaminophen is right for you, consult with your healthcare provider.